Growing Strawberry Plants

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
                P P P  

(Best months for growing Strawberry Plants in New Zealand - cool/mountain regions)

P = Plant out (transplant) seedlings

September: Protect from frost

  • Easy to grow. Plant with crown (of roots) just covered.. Best planted at soil temperatures between 50°F and 68°F. (Show °C/cm)
  • Space plants: 12 - 39 inches apart
  • Harvest in approximately 11 weeks. Strawberries bruise easily when ripe, handle carefully. Pick with a small piece of stem attached..
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): Better in a bed on their own to allow good sun and air circulation
  • Avoid growing close to: If you are using rotation beds, avoid putting strawberries where you have grown tomatoes, potatoes, peppers or eggplant
  • Ripening fruit
  • Strawberry plants

Strawberries are low-growing leafy plants which grow 12-15cm (about 6 inches) tall and will spread to about 50-100cm (20-40 inches). They have five petalled white or pink flowers. The flowers are followed by the delicious red fruits (which have their seeds on the outside).

Later in the season the plants send out runners like thin stems across the garden which will take root to form new plants. Cut them off and leave the parent growing. You can transplant the runners or let them grow where they rooted to produce new plants.

At the end of fruiting, trim off old yellow leaves and clean up any mouldy fruit still attached.

Strawberries like well drained soil with plenty of humus. To prepare your bed, dig in some compost before planting and possibly use a liquid fertiliser during the growing season. Well fed strawberries taste better.

To protect the fruit from moulds and mildew use some form of mulch around the plants. Straw, pine needles, or black plastic are all suitable. Mulch will also help suppress weeds.

Protect your plants with some sort of netting or bird scarer or you will lose most of your crop!

Strawberry plants often need replacing after a few years as they get affected by viruses and stop producing well.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Strawberry Plants

Pick strawberries and eat them straight from the garden warm from the sunshine - delicious!

Strawberries can be used in any dessert needing soft fruit or berries. Summer pudding (which also has raspberries and blackberries or boysenberries), mousse, trifle, dipped in melted chocolate or just with cream.

Sprinkle a bowl of strawberries with balsamic vinegar and a little sugar to enhance the flavour and colour.

A quick jam of diced strawberries cooked in the microwave with an equal weight of sugar until completely soft won't keep but can be used right away.

Your comments and tips

24 Nov 20, Steven (USA - Zone 13b climate)
what are some possible strawberry varieties for zone 12-13 I garden in humid-tropical South Sudan
14 Nov 20, Thomas Brown (USA - Zone 3b climate)
Best strawnerries to grow in zone 3B
16 Nov 20, Anonymous (USA - Zone 5a climate)
Find a company on the internet that sells the new crowns/runners and ask them.
02 Nov 20, Benita (USA - Zone 10a climate)
What type of Strawberries can I plant in Zone 10A. so when I transplant, the crowns are already in proper placement depth in soil. Planted seascape everbearing bareroots but they all died.. pls advise. Thank you.
03 Nov 20, Anonymous (USA - Zone 10a climate)
Don't cover with soil the growing tip part of the crown, you will kill the plant. Plant them and try and cover them with some shade for a week or so to help them to establish.
03 Nov 20, Anonymous (USA - Zone 6a climate)
If you want a good crop buy new runner plants from a plant producer. Also read up about how to plant and grow them.
13 Oct 20, Meredyth Anderson (New Zealand - temperate climate)
Hi my strawberries leaves are turning creamy white, though still green as well and plant looks healthy. What could be the problem please. From Meredyth.
16 Oct 20, (New Zealand - temperate climate)
Could be powdery mildew, phone an agricultural produce agency in your area and talk to them.
07 Sep 20, clive (South Africa - Humid sub-tropical climate)
I want to start a small "balcony " hydroponic system with approx. 100 plants. My aim is to build a tower system comprising about 5 pvc pipes holding 20 plants each. I will feed the nutrients into the top and circulate pump running 15 mins on and 15 mins off. Do you recommend I use a indeterminate variety and if so what variety. Can I buy root stock in South Africa or should I start from seed. I plan to plant into rockwool in net cups- would you agree? I recently purchased a Tarpan plant at our Builders store which I plan to use the runners in spanghnum moss until they root and plant these into rockwool however, it will hardly be enough to setup 100 plants. My long term plan is to do this commercially once I know what I'm doing. I look forward to your advice. Thank you in advance, Clive
09 Sep 20, Anonymous (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
I suggest you seek advice from an agricultural department in your country or hydroponics people.
Showing 1 - 10 of 269 comments

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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. GardenGrow is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
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