Growing Cucumber

Jan F M A M J J A S O N Dec
                  P P P

(Best months for growing Cucumber in New Zealand - cool/mountain regions)

P = Sow seed

October: After risk of frost

  • Sow in garden. Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed. Best planted at soil temperatures between 61°F and 95°F. (Show °C/cm)
  • Space plants: 16 - 24 inches apart
  • Harvest in 8-10 weeks. Cut fruit off with scissors or sharp knife.
  • Compatible with (can grow beside): Nasturtiums, Beans, Celery, Lettuce, Sweet Corn, Cabbages, Sunflowers, Coriander, Fennel, Dill, Sunflowers
  • Avoid growing close to: Potato, Tomatoes
  • Cucumbers on plant (commons.wikimedia.org - Rasbak - CC BY-SA 3.0)
  • Young plant
  • Female flower with baby fruit
  • Male flower

Cucumbers can be started in small peat pots then transplanted when weather is suitable. A trailing plant which will grow tendrils as it gets bigger. Lebanese cucumbers are best picked about 10 -12 cm (4 - 5 in) and eaten whole. Gherkins are usually picked 5 or 6 cm (2 - 3 in) long and pickled. They have a prickly skin. Apple cucumbers are round with a pale, almost white, smooth skin.

Grow in full sun. Grow up a trellis or framework to save space and keep the fruit clean. Needs ties to support it at first. Water regularly and fertilise to encourage growth.

Culinary hints - cooking and eating Cucumber

Pick frequently before the fruit become too big.
Use raw in salads, peeled if preferred.

Your comments and tips

27 Jul 20, Shannon (USA - Zone 9b climate)
Does anyone know why not to plant close to tomatos? My garden plan has tomatos, sunflowers, and cucumbers vined along my fence. Should I move the tomatoes to where my snap peas will grow and put snap peas where tomatos were going to be?
07 Aug 20, Liz (USA - Zone 9b climate)
Check here https://thehomestead.guru/companion-planting-2/
14 Jun 20, Ann (USA - Zone 6a climate)
Is there a smaller pickling type cucumber that I could plant in a pot with a trellis in the month of June so that I would be able to get at least some cucumbers .
15 May 20, Tracey (USA - Zone 6b climate)
Can cucumbers be planted by berries?
15 May 20, ASHLEY (USA - Zone 9b climate)
Hi, I was curious to know if I could sow/start cucumbers from seed indoors?
25 Apr 20, Mr salam al imran (South Africa - Dry summer sub-tropical climate)
I need a English cucumber seeds bt how I get plz let me know
27 Apr 20, Anon (South Africa - Summer rainfall climate)
Try the internet for seed selling websites.
25 Apr 20, Alex (Australia - arid climate)
Hi have some Lebanese cucumber plants that were growing very well and fruit more than I could use, The last month or so the older leaves have yellowed and the new growth is tending to cluster including the flowers and look dwarf like. It is still fruiting but not much. Any ideas? Thank you.
27 Apr 20, Another gardener (Australia - sub-tropical climate)
My guess is it is coming to the end of its life. Sometimes you have two or three flushes of flowers and fruit and then that is about it. It has taken a lot of nutrient from the soil and there isn't much left to support the plant. The leaves start dying and that is the end of it's life cycle.
18 Apr 20, Stephanie (USA - Zone 8a climate)
This is my first year planting in this zone as I recently moved here. I am used to planting in a much different climate. My other plants in my garden seem to be doing well. However, my cucumbers are dying. Please help!! I plant 2 foot apart. I planted next to green beans and radishes. Are they getting too much water?not enough fertilizer?
Showing 1 - 10 of 418 comments

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This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. GardenGrow is not a farming or commercial advisory service. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided.
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